|Botanical Name||Camellia sinensis|
Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the tea plant,Camellia sinensis. After water, tea is the most widely consumed beverage in the world. It has a cooling, slightly bitter, and flavour that many people enjoy.
General Specifications of Tea
|Size||50g, 100g, 250g, 500g, 1Kg|
|Place of origin||India|
(*The general specifications mentioned for the product are typical in nature. It can actually differ or can be procured as per customer requirement.)
“Tea” means any product manufactured from the leaves of Camellia sinensis (L) O Kuntze including green tea, instant tea and value-added products, commercially known as tea, namely, packet tea, tea bags, flavoured tea, quick brewing black tea and ready to drink tea (RTD) conforming to the following specifications of black tea, green tea, Kangra tea, as the case may be:-
|PARAMETERS||Green tea||Black tea||Kangra tea||Instant Tea|
|Total Ash, per cent by mass||Between 4.0% and 8.0%||Between 4.0% and 8.0%||Between 4.5% to 9.0%||Max 20.0%|
|Acid Insoluble Ash, per cent by mass.||Max 1.0%||Max.1.0%||Max. 1.2%||—-|
|Alkalinity of Water Soluble Ash (as K20) per cent by mass.||Between 1.0% and 2.2%||Between 1.0% and 2.2%||Between 1.0% and 2.2%||—|
|Water Soluble Ash of total ash per cent by mass||Min. 40.0%||Min. 40.0%||Min. 34.0%||—|
|Water Soluble Extract per cent by mass||Min. 32.0%||Min. 32.0%||Min. 23.0%||—|
|Crude Fibre Content per cent by mass||Min. 17.0%||Min. 17.0%||Min. 18.5%||—|
|Total catechins per cent by mass||Min. 9.0%||—||—||—|
|Moisture content % (m/m) Max||—||—||—||6.0%|
|Additional Requirements – Metallic Contaminants|
|Lead mg/kg. max||10.0||10.0||10.0|
|Copper, mg/kg.max||150.0||150.0||150.0||Additional Requirements – Pesticide Residues MRL (ppm)|
|Ethion 50% EC, (maximum)||5.0||5.0||5.0|
|Quinalphos 41%S.L (maximum)||0.01||0.01||0.01|
|Fenzaquin (maximum)||3.0||3.0||3.0||Additional Requirements – Mycotoxins|
Tea has long been promoted for having a variety of positive health benefits. Recent studies suggest that green tea may help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and some forms of cancer, promote oral health, reduce blood pressure, help with weight control, improve antibacterial and antivirasic activity, provide protection from solar ultraviolet light, and increase bone mineral density. Green tea is also said to have “anti-fibrotic properties, and neuroprotective power.” Additional research is needed to “fully understand its contributions to human health, and advise its regular consumption in Western diets.”
Tea catechins have known anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties, help regulate food intake, and have an affinity for cannabinoid receptors, which may suppress pain and nausea and provide calming effects.
Consumption of green tea is associated with a lower risk of diseases that cause functional disability, such as “stroke, cognitive impairment, and osteoporosis” in the elderly.
Like all camellias, Camellia sinensis requires an acid, well-drained, moist soil; it does not grow well in excessive water. It prefers a wet summer and a cool but not very frosty dry winter and a pH in the range of 4.5 to 7.3
Camellia will grow in areas from sea-level up to altitudes as high as 2,500 metres above sea level and tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°C (14-23°F), with an ideal day time temperature of 21-27°C (70-80°F), and night temperature of 58°C (14°F). USDA Zones 7-9
It is tolerant of heat and drought, better than most plants in the Theaceae family. They love full sunlight; however, growing them in light shade helps the leaves develop flavour.
• India is the largest producer of Tea in the world .
• Assam, Darjeling, Nilgiri & Southern India are the major Tea producing states in India.
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
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