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Name Biodiesel (Jatropha)
Latin Name Jatropha Curcas L
Family Name Euphorbiaceae
Other Names Jatropha ,Purging Tree, Curcas Nut, Physic Nut, Castor Oil

Biodiesel is named for its clean burning alternative fuel, produced from domestic, renewable resources. Bio-diesel is a fatty acid of ethyl or methyl ester made from virgin or used non-edible vegetable oils. The main commodity sources for Bio-diesel in India can be non-edible oils obtained from plant species such as Jatropha curcas (Ratanjyot), Pongamia pinnata (Karanj), Calophyllum inophyllum (Nagchampa) etc.

Bio-diesel contains no petroleum, but it can be blended at any level with petroleum diesel to create a Bio-diesel blend or can be used in its pure form. Just like petroleum diesel, Bio-diesel Operates in compression engine; which essentially require very little or no engine modifications because Bio-diesel has properties similar to petroleum diesel fuels. It can be stored just like the petroleum diesel fuel and hence does not require separate infrastructure.

General Specifications of Jatropha Biodiesel
Parameter Specification EU Standard
Appearnce Clear Clear


Characteristic, free from alcoholic odor. Characteristic, free from alcoholic odor.
Flavors Characteristic, free from alcoholic flavors —- Do —-
Moisture impurities, volatile (%) 0.1  max 0.1% max
Density (g /c.c at 20 Dc) 0.879 0.860- 0.900
Viscosity ( sqmm/s at 40 DC) 4.2 3.5 – 5(40Dc)
Sulphated ash 0.014 < 0.02
Carbone residue 0.025 <0.3

(*The general specifications mentioned for the product are typical in nature. It can actually differ or can be procured as per customer requirement.)

General Specifications of Data Sheet Bio Diesel
Property ASTM Method Limits
Flash Point D93 100 mm. (deg.C)
Water & Sediment D2709 0.050 max. (% vol.)
Kinemotic Viscosity, 40°C D445 1.9-6.0 (mm2/sec.)
Suiphated Ash D874 0.020 max.(0% mass)
Sulphur 5453 0.0015 max % mass
Copper Strip Corrosion D130 No. 3 max.
Cetane Number D613 46 mm.
Cloud Point D2500 Report to customer (deg C)
Carbon Residue, 100% sample D4530 0.050 max, (0% mass)
Carbon Residue, Ramsbottom D524 0.090 max, (0% mass)
Acid Number D664 0.80 max, (mg KOH/gm)
Free Glycerin D6584 0.020 max, (0% mass)

(*The general specifications mentioned for the product are typical in nature. It can actually differ or can be procured as per customer requirement.)

Its higher cetane number improves the ignition quality even when blended in the petroleum diesel and we are processing following seeds:


Atropha curcus is a drought-resistant perennial, growing well in marginal/poor soil. It is easy to establish, grows relatively quickly and lives, producing seeds for 50 years.

Jatropha the wonder plant produces seeds with an oil content of 37%. The oil can be combusted as fuel without being refined. It burns with clear smoke-free flame, tested successfully as fuel for simple diesel engine. The by-products are press cake a good organic fertilizer, oil contains also insecticide.

Kusum: Botanical name is Schleichera Triguga

The Kusum tree grows to a height of 35-45 ft. and bears a fruit with a pulpy edible aril containing one or two almost round seeds some 1.5cm in diameter and weighing between 0.5 and 1.0g. The fruit pulp is much appreciated by local people for its refreshing acid taste. The kernels comprise 60-65% of the seed weight and contain between 59% and 72% fat.

Karanja: (Derris indica)

Also known as Pongamia pinnata is a legume tree with sees containing oils and fatty acids suitable for biodiesel production. It is a fast-growing evergreen tree which reaches 40 feet in height and spread, forming a broad, spreading canopy casting moderate shade. The three-inch-long, pinnately compound, glossy green leaves are briefly deciduous, dropping for just a short period of time in early spring but being quickly replaced by new growth. Small clusters of white, purple, and pink flowers blossom on their branches throughout the year, maturing into brown seed pods.

Pilu: (Miswak)

Botanical Name: Salvadora Persica Oil Parts Of Use : Leaves , Fruits , Root Bark , Stem Bark , Seed Oil. Pillu Seeds contain 33% non edible oil and have bitter and sharp taste. They are used as purgative, diuretic and tonic seed oil is applied on the skin in rheumatism.

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