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Name Animal Meat & Sea Food

Animal Products plays an important role in the socio- economic life of India. It is an opulent source of high worth of animal products like milk, meat and eggs. India has appeared as the greatest producer of milk with 16.43 percent share in total milk production in the world. India accounts for about 4.95 percent of the global egg production and also the largest population of milch animals in the world, with 112.9 million buffaloes, 157 million goat and 74.5 million sheep.

The export of Animal Products includes Buffalo meat, Sheep/ Goat meat, Poultry products, Animal Casings, Milk and Milk products and Honey etc.
Areas of Production
Exports of animal products represent an important and significant contribution to the Indian Agriculture sector.

Dairy products sector register a growth of 388%, Skimmed milk in powder became the largest item of export from India, which accounts for nearly 77% of net milk and milk products exports during the year 2012-13, and Bangladesh, Egypt, UAE, Saudi Arabia and Algeria were the major importing countries of Dairy products from the country during the period.

In term of export from India, Poultry Products, Processed Meat and Natural Honey the major importing countries of these products were USA, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Germany, Netherland and Denmark etc.

The demand for Indian buffalo meat in international market has sparked a sudden increase in the meat exports. Buffalo meat dominated the exports with a contribution of over 86%. The product registered 27% growth in export during the financial year 2012-13 as compare to the same period of last year. The main markets for Indian buffalo meat and other animal products are Vietnam Social Republic, Malaysia, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, Egypt Arab Republic and UAE.

Buffalo Meat

India’s livestock population includes, 88 million buffaloes, which is 58 per cent of the world’s buffalo population. Animals which are generally used for production of meat comprise of sheep and goats, pigs and poultry. Besides about 3600 slaughter houses, there are live modern abattoirs and one integrated abattoir meat processing plant for slaughtering buffaloes for exports and domestic consumption. There are 24 meat processing plants including 13, hundred percent export oriented units who are mainly engaged in export of meat products.

Areas of Production

The major areas for Buffalo Meat production are Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Punjab.

Sheep – Goat Meat

Goats – Sheep constitute a very important species of livestock in India, mainly on account of their short generation intervals, higher rates of prolificacy, and the ease with which the goats as also their products can be marketed. They are considered to be very important for their contribution to the development of rural zones and people. The local initiatives to promote quality labels and innovative products for cheeses, meat and fibres could help goats in keeping a role for sustainable development in an eco-friendly environment all over the world.

Areas of Production

Rajasthan, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Hilly regions of North and Eastern Himalays are the Indian regions with maximum livestock population.

Other Meat

Other Meat constitutes a very important species of livestock in India. They are considered to be very important for their contribution to the development of rural zones and people. The local initiatives to promote quality labels and innovative products for cheeses, meat and fibres could help Swine/Pigs, Rabbits, Horse, Camel, Primates etc in keeping a role for sustainable development in an eco-friendly environment all over the world.

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