|Biological Name||Prunus dulcis|
The almond that we think of as a nut is technically the seed of the fruit of the almond tree, a glorious medium-size tree that bears fragrant pink and white flowers. Like its cousins, the peach, cherry and apricot trees, the almond tree bears fruits with stone-like seeds (or pits) within. The seed of the almond fruit is what we refer to as the almond nut.
Almonds are off-white in color, covered by a thin brownish skin, and encased in a hard shell. Almonds are classified into two categories: sweet (Prunus amygdalu var. dulcis) and bitter (Prunus amygdalu var. Amara).
Sweet almonds are the type that is eaten. They are oval in shape, usually malleable in texture and wonderfully buttery in taste. They are available in the market either still in their shell or with their shell removed. Shelled almonds are available whole, sliced or slivered in either their natural form, with their skin, or blanched, with their skin removed.
Bitter almonds are used to make almond oil that is used as a flavoring agent for foods and liqueurs such as Amaretto. They are otherwise inedible as they naturally contain toxic substances such as hydrocyanic acid. These compounds are removed in the manufacturing of almond oil.
General Specifications of Almonds
|Supreme in shell||Supreme out shell|
|Split & Broken||5 % max||1% max|
|Chipped & Scratched||10 % maximum||10% max|
(*The general specifications mentioned for the product are typical in nature. It can actually differ or can be procured as per customer requirement.)
Almonds are an ancient food that has been written about in historical texts, including the Bible. Almonds were thought to have originated in regions in western Asia and North Africa.
Almonds are now grown in many of the countries that border the Mediterranean Sea including Spain, Italy, Portugal and Morocco, as well as in California. The cultivation of almonds in California, the only state that produces them, has an interesting history. Almond trees were originally brought to California centuries ago when missions were created by the Spanish, but cultivation of the trees was abandoned when the missions were closed. Almond trees found their way back to California in the 19th century via the eastern United States. In 1840, almond trees were brought over from Europe and were first planted in New England. Because the climate on the Eastern seaboard did not support their cultivation, the trees were brought to California where they thrived and continue to do so.
Health Benefits of Almonds
- They reduce heart attack risk.
- They lower ‘bad’ cholesterol.
- They protects artery walls from damage.
- Almonds help build strong bones and teeth.
- They provide healthy fats and aid in weight loss.
- Almonds lower the rise in blood sugar and insulin after meals.
- They help provide good brain function.
- They nourish the nervous system.
- They alkalize the body.
We deal in the supply of the superior quality Almonds.